Amber Fort is actually, the Amer Fort, which is located 11 km away from Jaipur in Rajasthan State of India. It is known for its amazing ramparts, a series of gates with cobbled paths, the fort itself overlooking a beautiful lake called Maota, while large number of tourists pours in to enjoy seeing this artistic bonanza of Hindu kingdom of yester years. Amer Fort positioned over a hill is named as one of the important attractions of Rajasthan State and Amer town covers an area of 4 square kilometer area, which draws its importance because of this fort.
The ambience of the fort is quite formidable, with its four level layout plan, each level provided with a courtyard. This palace complex has been constructed with red stone and marble interlacing, which include
- Diwan-e-Aam, to be the house of Public audience
- Diwan-e-Khas to be the place for private audience
- Sheesh Mahal, also called Jai Mandir
- Sukh Niwas, which place is designed for artificial cooling
This way the Amer Fort is also referred as Amer Palace, because it is where Rajput Maharajas and their families used to live.
The fort’s entrance is Ganesh Gate, nearer to which spot is Sila Devi temple. This deity is a goddess of Chaitanya cult, the icon presented to Raja Man Singh when he returned victorious after defeating Raja of Jessore in the year 1604AD. Jessore is today’s Bangladesh.
Amer Fort has a counterpart with it, which is Jaigarh Fort, the latter located above Amer Fort on Cheelka Teela, meaning Hill of Eagles, situated in the same Aravalli Hills range. Both the Forts are in fact belong to a single complex, as each of them has a subterranean passage to the other, which had been purposefully constructed for the Royal family’s secret escape at times of war. JaIgarh Fort was less vulnerable those days as compared to Amer Fort for war attacks.
The tourist inflow to the Amer Palace and Amer Town is phenomenal. As per the report of the Department of Archaeology and Museums, there are about 5000 visitors every day and in the year 2007 there were 1.4 million visitors to this spot.